Economists agree that countries should only have a monetary union if there is also a fiscal, economic, and political union. If you have a single currency, governments cannot print money to cover their debts, nor can they devalue their currency to regain competitiveness. Arguably, the EMU and European Union are unions with economic, political, and even fiscal elements. They, however, miserably fail to offer the necessary mechanisms to compensate for not having monetary sovereignty. Continue reading
A discussion rages with regard to the austerity measures implemented by European countries. Paul Krugman, a notable opponent of austerity measures, even refers to it as “Europe’s Austerity Madness“. If one believes Krugman’s and some other populistic outbursts, one might actually believe that governments did not take on addional debt in past years. But the graph below tells you an entirely different story, I hope!
Today, Mark Rutte acknowledged that he broke one of his election promises. Right before the elections he said, quite literally, that Greece would not receive another Euro, and that the Greek had to sort out their own mess. Today, a new agreement broke those promises. Continue reading